pwnSpoof - Generates realistic spoofed log files for common web servers with customisable attack scenarios

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  • pwnSpoof (from Punk Security) generates realistic spoofed log files for common web servers with customisable attack scenarios.
    Every log bundle is unique and completely customisable, making it perfect for generating CTF scenarios and for training serials.
    Can you find the attacker session and build the incident picture?
     
    About The Project
    pwnSpoof was created on the back of a threat hunting training exercise Punk Security delivered for a customer. The training exercise was to use a log analytic tool such as Splunk (other log analysing tools are available) and IIS logs to find login brute-force attacks and command injections.
    The idea behind the pwnSpoof application is to;

    • Provide a quick CTF style training environment
    • Create unique logs every run
    • Test threat hunting in IIS, Apache and NGINX logs
      Once you have created a set of logs, the idea is to load them in to Splunk and use various techniques to answer the following questions;
    • What was the attackers IP address and user_agent?
    • Did the attacker authenticate and if so, with what account?
    • Where was geo-location of the attacker?
    • When did the attack occur?
    • What kind of attack was it?
    • What happened during the attack?
    • What artifacts may remain on the server?
    • What steps can be taken to remediate?
      Getting Started
      The following will explain how to get started with pwnSpoof
      Prerequisites
      pwnSpoof is written in python and is tested with python3. No extra modules are needed, we only use the standard library.
      If you get the following error message, please specifiy python3 when running pwnSpoof. Python2 is not supported.
    File "pwnspoof.py", line 176  
    print("{:6.2f}% ".format(y * x), end="\r", flush=True)  
    ^  
    SyntaxError: invalid syntax  
    

    Installation

    1. Git clone the pwnSpoof repo
    git clone https://github.com/punk-security/pwnspoof  
    
    1. change directory to pwnSpoof
    cd pwnspoof  
    
    1. Run pwnSpoof
    python pwnspoof.py --help  
    

    Usage
    Switches

    positional arguments:  
    {banking,wordpress,generic}  
    App to emulate  
    optional arguments:  
    -h, --help            show this help message and exit  
    --out OUT             Output file (default: pwnspoof.log)  
    --iocs                Do you want to know the attackers iocs for easier searching? (default: False)  
    log generator settings:  
    --log-start-date LOG_START_DATE  
    Initial start of logs, in the format YYYYMMDD i.e. "20210727"  
    --log-end-date LOG_END_DATE  
    End date for logs, in the format YYYYMMDD i.e. "20210727"  
    --session-count SESSION_COUNT  
    Number of legitimate sessions to spoof (default: 2000)  
    --max-sessions-per-user MAX_SESSIONS_PER_USER  
    Max number of legitimate sessions per user (default: 3)  
    --server-fqdn SERVER_FQDN  
    Override the emulated web apps default fqdn  
    --server-ip SERVER_IP  
    Override the emulated web apps randomised IP  
    --server-type {IIS,NGINX,CLF}  
    Server to spoof (default: IIS)  
    --uri-file URI_FILE   File containing web uris to override defaults, do not include extensions  
    --noise-file NOISE_FILE  
    File containing noise uris to override defaults, include extensions  
    attack settings:  
    --spoofed-attacks SPOOFED_ATTACKS  
    Number of attacker sequences to spoof (default: 1)  
    --attack-type {bruteforce,command_injection}  
    Number of attacker sequences to spoof (default: bruteforce)  
    --attacker-geo ATTACKER_GEO  
    Set the attackers geo by 2 letter region. Use RD for random (default: RD)  
    --attacker-user-agent ATTACKER_USER_AGENT  
    Set the attackers user-agent. Use RD for random (default: RD)  
    

    Examples
    The following example will create a set of IIS logs for bruteforce against pwnedbank.co.uk.

    python pwnspoof.py banking --server-fqdn pwnedbank.co.uk --attack-type bruteforce --server-type IIS --out iis-output.log  
    

    The following example will create a set of NGINX logs for command_injection against pwnedbank.co.uk.

    python pwnspoof.py banking --server-fqdn pwnedbank.co.uk --attack-type command_injection --server-type NGINX  
    

    The following example will create a set of logs with 5000 routine sessions and 3 attack sessions

    python pwnspoof.py banking --session-count 5000 --spoofed-attacks 3  
    

    The following example will create a set of logs and output the attackers IP addresses

    python pwnspoof.py banking --spoofed-attacks 3 --iocs   
    

    Demo


    Road Map
    pwnSpoof is built to produce to authentic web attack logs and it does this really well. Right now we are focused on refactoring the code, building out our testing suite and getting the first push to PyPi but we have huge ambitions for pwnSpoof.
    Coming soon
    Adding extra webapps beyond banking to provide extra variety to the logs

    • Social media
    • Wordpress
    • E-Commerce
      Adding additional and more dynamic web attacks
    • Full OWASP TOP 10
    • Customisable payload encoding
    • Multi-session attacks
    • Obfuscation
      Unscheduled aspirations
      Training Videos!
      pwnSpoof was built to be a great tool for training the blue team so it only makes sense to produce some training materials to show it off.
    • How to ingest logs in to various log analyser (Splunk, Elastic, Open Disto, Sentinel)
    • How to use the power of REGEX to pivot around the data
      Not just weblogs
      We would love to see pwnSpoof generating all kinds of threat hunting logs such as Office365 audit logs for Sharepoint, Onedrive and AzureAD
      Blackhat Arsenal
      We have submitted pwnSpoof to Blackhat Arsenal for consideration and it would be AWESOME to demo it at Blackhat London this year (2021).
      Why not contact us with some extra ideas, or add to the project
      Contact
    • Simon Gurney - [email protected]
    • Daniel Oates-Lee - [email protected]
      Credit
    • ip2location :
      We make use of the IP2Location LITE Country database to provide geographically relevant IP addresses.
      This product includes IP2Location LITE data available from https://lite.ip2location.com
      Download Pwnspoof
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