Monospace Directus Headless CMS File Upload / Rule Bypass

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  • Monospace Directus Headless CMS versions prior to 8.8.2 suffers from .htaccess rule bypass and arbitrary file upload vulnerabilities.
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    SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20210407-0 >  
    =======================================================================  
    title: Arbitrary File Upload and Bypassing .htaccess Rules  
    product: Monospace Directus Headless CMS  
    vulnerable version: < v8.8.2  
    fixed version: v8.8.2, v9 is not affected because of different architecture  
    CVE number: CVE-2021-29641  
    impact: High  
    homepage: https://directus.io/  
    found: 2020-12-15  
    by: Oliver Boehlk (Atos Germany)  
    Moritz Friedmann (Atos Germany)  
    SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
    An integrated part of SEC Consult, an Atos company  
    Europe | Asia | North America  
    https://www.sec-consult.com  
    =======================================================================  
    Vendor description:  
    -------------------  
    "Directus Open-Source, Free & Unlimited. No Strings Attached.  
    Our premium software is available at no cost for commercial and personal use.  
    This self-hosted version is full-featured, with no artificial limitations."  
    Source: https://directus.io/open-source/  
    Business recommendation:  
    ------------------------  
    The vendor provides an updated version for v8 which fixes the security issue. It should  
    be installed immediately.  
    Note: Directus v8 has been deprecated/discontinued and is replaced by version 9,  
    which currently does not have a final release version yet. Updating to Directus v9  
    fixes this vulnerability as well because the NodeJS architecture replaces   
    the PHP API  
    and hence is not affected.  
    According to the vendor, the identified security issue only applies to v8   
    installations  
    relying on the specific Apache-based config in the Docker image, using the local-storage  
    driver for uploads. The recommendation from the vendor is to use a connection to S3 for  
    such installations, install the patch v8.8.2 or upgrade to version 9.  
    Vulnerability overview/description:  
    -----------------------------------  
    1) Arbitrary File Upload and Bypassing .htaccess Rules (CVE-2021-29641)  
    Any low privileged user with file upload permissions can upload webshells   
    or  
    other malicious PHP files which can be found in /uploads/_/originals/.  
    If the server prevents the execution of PHP files in the upload directory   
    the  
    attacker can move the file into a subdirectory where he can upload a custom .htaccess  
    file to enable PHP execution again.  
    Server side command execution can be used to retrieve the Directus configuration  
    and database credentials to escalate in-app privileges, retrieve password   
    hashes  
    or move laterally in the network.  
    Proof of concept:  
    -----------------  
    1) Arbitrary File Upload and Bypassing .htaccess Rules (CVE-2021-29641)  
    A PoC environment can be created using a docker-compose.yml file:  
    version: "3"  
    services:  
    app:  
    image: directus/directus:v8.8.1-apache  
    ports:  
    - 8080:80  
    environment:  
    DIRECTUS_INSTALL_TITLE: vulnerable directus server  
    DIRECTUS_INSTALL_EMAIL: [[email protected]](/cdn-cgi/l/email-protection)  
    DIRECTUS_INSTALL_PASSWORD: admin1  
    DIRECTUS_AUTH_SECRETKEY: directusprivtest  
    DIRECTUS_AUTH_PUBLICKEY: directuspubtest  
    DIRECTUS_DATABASE_HOST: db  
    DIRECTUS_DATABASE_NAME: directus  
    DIRECTUS_DATABASE_USERNAME: directus  
    DIRECTUS_DATABASE_PASSWORD: directus  
    db:  
    image: mariadb  
    environment:  
    MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: directusroot  
    MYSQL_DATABASE: directus  
    MYSQL_USER: directus  
    MYSQL_PASSWORD: directus  
    Optionally, Directus data folders can be mounted for persistent storage:  
    volumes:  
    - ./data/config:/var/directus/config  
    - ./data/uploads:/var/directus/public/uploads  
    An .htaccess file can be placed in the uploads directory to prevent PHP execution:  
    <IfModule mod_php7.c>  
    php_flag engine off  
    </IfModule>  
    Initial installation requires "install" to be called:  
    docker-compose up -d && docker-compose run app install  
    Login defined in docker-compose:  
    [[email protected]](/cdn-cgi/l/email-protection):admin1  
    An attacker can upload a PHP file and open it at uploads/_/originals/[randomid].php.  
    If a .htaccess file is used, the code does not get executed and gets returned in plain text.  
    You can edit the item in Directus and change the Filename Disk to "test/file.php" (it doesn't  
    matter that there is no folder named test yet, Directus/Apache does you a   
    favor and creates it  
    for you).  
    Now you can access the file at /uploads/_/originals/test/file.php.  
    Even if you delete the file in Directus it remains on the server, and can   
    be accessed via the  
    above mentioned URL.  
    To get code execution the next step is to simply upload an own .htaccess file containing  
    <IfModule mod_php7.c>  
    php_flag engine on  
    </IfModule>  
    And again change the Filename Disk to test/.htaccess.  
    Now calling /uploads/_/originals/test/file.php executes the PHP file.  
    Vulnerable / tested versions:  
    -----------------------------  
    The following versions have been tested and found to be vulnerable. According to the vendor,  
    only the Apache-based docker image with the local-storage driver is affected and not the  
    Directus suite as a whole.  
    * v8.4.0  
    * v8.8.1 (latest version at the time of the test)  
    It is assumed that all previous v8 versions are affected as well.  
    Version 9 uses a different architecture and is not affected by this vulnerability.  
    Vendor contact timeline:  
    ------------------------  
    2020-12-16 | Contacting vendor through [[email protected]](/cdn-cgi/l/email-protection); no reply  
    2021-03-04 | Contacting vendor again through [[email protected]](/cdn-cgi/l/email-protection)  
    2021-03-05 | Vendor reply, exchanged S/MIME certificates  
    2021-03-08 | Sending security advisory to vendor  
    2021-03-12 | Asking the vendor whether they received the advisory; no reply  
    2021-03-25 | Asking vendor again for status update  
    2021-03-25 | Vendor: v8 will be fixed in new version  
    2021-03-26 | Vendor: the issue has been fixed in v8.8.2 available at dockerhub  
    2021-04-07 | Coordinated release of security advisory  
    Solution:  
    ---------  
    The vendor provides an updated version v8.8.2 at dockerhub which fixes the security  
    issue:  
    https://hub.docker.com/layers/directus/directus/v8.8.2-apache/images/sha256-d9898b6442b0150c3c377b50e706757f35d2d563bd82ddaf97f3ae4ba450a6e6?context=explore  
    Alternatively, version 9 can be installed as well, which uses a different   
    architecture  
    and is not affected.  
    Workaround:  
    -----------  
    None  
    Advisory URL:  
    -------------  
    https://sec-consult.com/vulnerability-lab/  
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~  
    SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
    SEC Consult, an Atos company  
    Europe | Asia | North America  
    About SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab  
    The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab is an integrated part of SEC Consult, an  
    Atos company. It ensures the continued knowledge gain of SEC Consult in the  
    field of network and application security to stay ahead of the attacker. The  
    SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab supports high-quality penetration testing and  
    the evaluation of new offensive and defensive technologies for our customers.  
    Hence our customers obtain the most current information about vulnerabilities  
    and valid recommendation about the risk profile of new technologies.  
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~  
    Interested to work with the experts of SEC Consult?  
    Send us your application https://sec-consult.com/career/  
    Interested in improving your cyber security with the experts of SEC Consult?  
    Contact our local offices https://sec-consult.com/contact/  
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~  
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    EOF O. Boehlk, M. Friedmann / @2021  
    

    Source: packetstormsecurity.com

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